Brain injuries are among the most catastrophic and affect many residents of Illinois. Depending on the severity of the injury, a full recovery may be possible. This is a guide on treatment and the road to recovery.
Treatment for brain injuries
Treatment for a traumatic brain injury depends on its severity. If it’s considered mild such as a minor concussion, there may be no other treatment than over-the-counter pain relievers, but the person must be monitored to ensure that their symptoms don’t worsen. They require follow-up doctor’s appointments to check their progress.
Moderate to severe brain injuries require more extensive treatment. The person’s vitals must be checked to ensure their blood and oxygen levels are sufficient, and if a brain bleed is detected or tissue has suffered damage, more invasive treatment like surgery might be necessary. Certain medications may be prescribed such as anti-seizure drugs, coma-inducing drugs or diuretics.
Recovering from brain injuries
People who sustain serious brain injuries need rehabilitation. Some may have to relearn basic tasks such as walking or talking and other activities most take for granted. Often, this is done on an inpatient or outpatient basis in a hospital or other facility. Physical therapy can help with walking, balance and other movement and mobility issues. A speech therapist can help the individual regain their ability to speak with or without assistive communication devices.
Occupational therapy helps those with brain injuries to regain valuable skills to resume regular daily activities. A neuropsychologist can help them improve or regain their cognitive abilities and offer psychological and emotional support.
Sometimes, people with brain injuries need certain medications. A physiatrist specializes in rehab and medicine while overseeing patients’ entire rehab process. They can prescribe medication as needed.
Additional specialists may be available to assist a person recovering from a brain injury. Support from friends and family can also help.